Baggy Method – This technique involves applying a moisturiser to your hair and then covering the hair with a plastic cap. This traps in the moisture. Doing this overnight allows the hair to retain a good level of moisture and helps to lubricate those dry, brittle hair strands.
Big Chop – Involves cutting off chemically processed/relaxed hair ends in order to leave only your natural textured hair.
Banding – A method used to stretch the hair out. When hair is wet, place it in small ponytails, then place small hair ties/bands every inch or so along the length of the ponytail. Once the hair dries, the hair ties are removed, leaving the hair nicely stretched out.
Braid Out – After washing and deep conditioning, the hair is braided into sections while still damp. Once the hair dries, the braids are taken out and hair is styled as desired.
Breakage – Where the hairs have snapped/broken and there is no white bulb at the root of the strand.
Co-Washing – Involves washing your hair with conditioner rather than shampoo. Conditioner is used in place of shampoo, which often strips the hair of its natural oils, due to the harsh ingredients contained in them, such as sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium laureth sulphate.
Cuticle – The cuticle is the transparent outer layer of the hair strand, which protects the hair strand from damaging external elements, i.e. heat & harsh winter weather.
Detangling – Involves gently removing all tangles and knots from your hair. This is best done by first applying conditioner along the full length of your hair strands. This will soften the hair and make it more manageable and less likely to break during the detangling process.
Extra Virgin Coconut Oil – An effective natural conditioner which softens the hair and enhances the shine. It can also: helps encourage, hair growth and health and removes dandruff.
Extra Virgin Olive Oil – An effective natural sealant. It can be used for the purposes of sealing and locking in hair moisture. It may be effective for use as a Pre-Shampoo Treatment (Pre-Poo) in order to lock in moisture before shampooing.
Flat Twist – A technique which is similar to cornrows. This involves twisting your hair flat against your head like a cornrow.
Humectants – Are substances which absorb & retain moisture from the surrounding air. Examples of humectants include: Honey & Glycerine.
Leave-in Conditioner – products used to add additional moisture to hair. They generally contain strengthening and moisturising ingredients, in order to soften & strengthen hair and make it more manageable, especially while detangling.
Line of Demarcation – Where the natural hair and relaxed hair meet. This location can be very delicate so be very gentle when stretching. The line of demarcation is particularly apparent after washing your hair, as the ends may appear string, while the rest appears in its natural state.
Pre-Poo – This involves prepping your hair before shampooing. It is done by applying a moisturising conditioner or natural oils to the hair. It can be done overnight or about 30-45 minutes prior to shampooing. The result is that your hair is able to retain more of its moisture following shampooing. It also helps to make it softer and more manageable and less like to break during the process.
Protective style (PS) – Are worn to prevent hair damage i.e. breakage caused by over manipulation and exposure of your ends to harmful elements such as the sun, cold and clothing. The result of tucking your hair away in protective styles should be healthier hair, which is able to retain more length due to a reduction of split ends and breakage. Examples of protective styles include buns, braids and twists.
Sealing – This is a technique which enables moisture to be “sealed” into the hair strands. To achieve this, a water based moisturizer is first applied to the hair and the ends are then coated with a natural oil (i.e. Extra Virgin Olive Oil, Castor Oil or Coconut Oil) or a butter (i.e. Shea butter), which seals in the moisture. The increased moisture levels are essential to hair retention.
Shedding – This is a natural process, where hair detaches from the scalp with a white bulb attached to the root.
Transitioning – If you stop relaxing your hair in order to grow it out, then this is transitioning. At this stage the ends of the hair will still be chemically processed.
Twist Out – This involves doing two strand twists (products such as leave in conditioner, Shea butter, or castor oil are applied at this stage). The twists are usually left overnight and then taken out in the morning and finger styled. The desired result is to achieve soft flattering curls without the use of heat. In order to achieve a more defined curl, the twists should be smaller. A silk/satin bonnet or scarf should also be worn over the twists to prevent friction from rubbing the hair, which can lead to frizz and breakage.
Two Strand Twist – This is a method similar to braiding, and can be done on wet or dry hair. You take a section of hair, which you then divide into two even pieces. The next step is to twist the two even pieces of hair around each other. You then move onto the next section and continue until all hair is twisted.
Virgin Hair – Hair that has not be chemically processed in any way. It is completely natural from the root to the tip.
Wash and Go – A technique of washing your hair, conditioning, adding moisturiser or styling gel and then leaving your hair as is. The hair is allowed to air dry.